Glycolic acid is a member of the alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) family, and is one of the most commonly used chemical peeling agents employed to address a wide variety of skin care complaints, including: fine lines/wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, and acne.
In addition to being deeply penetrating, cleansing and exfoliating, topical application of glycolic acid has been shown to be an effective anti-ager: stimulating collagen and elastin production, quickening cell turnover, increasing skin thickness, firmness & hydration, reversing sun damage (such as mottled pigmentation), and smoothing rough and wrinkled skin.
What Is Crepey Skin?
Sacramento, CA dermatologist Suzanne Kilmer, MD explains that “Skin that has turned crepey is thin, loose and flaccid with a certain degree of sagging”—particularly in comparison to the plump thickness of the younger skin.
New York dermatologist Macrene Alexiades, MD compares it to “a piece of tissue paper or a crêpe paper; (hence the phrase ‘crepey skin). It’s “the thinning of the dermis and epidermis that make skin take on a thin, crinkly texture.
Crepey skin is different from wrinkles in that wrinkles are often caused by expressions or repeated motions, dry skin and gravity while crepey skin is primarily caused by skin thinness.
Dr. Alexiades explains that “Over time, the subtle creases and pores in the skin slowly become exaggerated as the breakdown of collagen and elastin becomes more evident. From there, skin folds accumulate, and skin starts to thin out.
What Causes Crepey Skin?
Once you reach your 40s, skin thinning accelerates over the course of months or years. The transformation occurs as the body slows down its production of elastin and collagen, the proteins that allow skin to stretch and contract. And while aging skin is inevitable, there are a few factors that can cause a skin to become prematurely crepey: weight gain, weight loss, weight fluctuations, sun damage, cigarette smoke, and a diet high in sugar.
How to Prevent or Minimize Your Chances of Crepey Skin
Sure, everyone knows the basics such as getting adequate sleep, drinking plenty of water, reducing stress, and avoiding negative lifestyle factors like alcohol and cigarettes. But, what else can you do to minimize premature aging and the resultant crepey skin?
1. Eat a diet low in sugar and processed foods: Eating lots of vegetables, fruits, lean meats, and omega 3 fats can help slow glycation—the chemical reaction that causes your skin to become less supple.
2. Drink green tea: Superstar multitasker green tea has been proven to significantly interfere with the glycation process while stimulating collagen creation—so if you're drinking it regularly, you're already protecting your skin.
3. Wear a non-toxic sunscreen: Protect your skin from sunburn and sun damage. Sunshine is healthy for the body but it is important not to burn or have prolonged exposure.
4. Exfoliate: Rid skin of dead skin cells, allowing new plumper cells to the surface.
5. Cleanse: use only non-drying soaps that are sulfate free and non-toxic.
6. Moisturize your skin: Hydrate skin while repairing collagen and elastin.
Directions: Apply all over neck, décolleté and body. For sensitive skin use only at night; for normal to oily skin can be used morning and night. Apply after cleansing.
Organic Aloe Juice Is often called “The Miracle Plant promotes new skin growth, moisturizes, protects and counters the effects of aging, soothing, emollient, anti-bacterial, heals skin irritations, burns and wounds. Aloe Vera improves hydration and is soothing and healing to all skin types. The effectiveness of Aloe Vera gel as a cosmetic skin care and pharmaceutical product is indisputable. It has also been shown to have an invigorating effect on skin when applied on a regular basis. Chemical analysis has shown the presence of mucopolysacharides, a natural moisturizing factor. Aloe Vera is composed of water, the enzymes catalase and cellulose, minerals, calcium, aluminum, iron, zinc, magnesium, sodium, 20 amino acids and carbohydrates. Aloe Vera also contains the "youth mineral" potassium.
Rosehip Seed Oil is rich in essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. Use for maturing or damaged skin where regeneration of new skin cells is needed.
Shea butter contains so many fatty acids, which are needed to retain skin moisture and elasticity. The high fatty acid content of Shea butter also makes it an excellent additive to soap, shampoos, anti-aging creams, cosmetics, lotions, and massage oils—its soft, butter-like texture melts readily into the skin. African healers have used Shea butter for thousands of years as the ideal treatment for dry or aging skin. Its high content of non-saponifiable fatty acids gives it the ability to moisturize and retain the elasticity of the skin. Shea butter also protects the skin against the damaging effects of the sun while repairing cellular degeneration.
Shea butter protects the skin from both environmental and free-radical damage. It contains vitamins A and E, and has demonstrated both antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. Has been used to help heal burns, sores, scars, dermatitis, psoriasis, dandruff, and stretch marks. It may also help diminish wrinkles by moisturizing the skin, promoting cell renewal, and increasing circulation. Shea butter also contains cinnamic acid, a substance that helps protect the skin from harmful UV rays.
Vitamin C is often used as a preservative and antioxidant to prevent rancidity. Vitamin C is thought to prevent collagen breakdown and help combat the signs of aging. As an antioxidant it is believed to remove the free radicals that cells produce. Free radicals have been associated with skin cancer and premature skin aging due to sun exposure. Some experts believe antioxidants are the most vital weapons in the fight against aging. Most of the damage of our skin is caused by a free-radical assault from smoke, pollution and UV rays. Free radicals then turn the oils of our skin rancid, which damages the collagen. Collagen is the protein fibers that serve as the building blocks of our skin. Antioxidants are used in skin care products to neutralize free radicals before they ravage the skin. Topical vitamin C may help lighten solar lentigos and melasma. Some studies have shown that topical vitamin C provides additional protection against the harmful effects of the sun. Said to prevent collagen breakdown, which would aid in combating aging. Duke University found that adding Vitamin C and E to sunscreens protects against UVB radiation.
Tamanu oil has an unusually high capacity for absorption by your skin and has healing properties. It’s completely natural and will leave your skin looking and feeling silky, soft, and smooth.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids are skin-conditioning agents, help promote younger looking skin and help to minimize the effect of aging. Help to exfoliate the skin of dead cells; they also have a moisturizing effect on the skin, by increasing the moisture content of the upper skin and so smoothing out fine lines and wrinkles, as well as reducing dryness and combating flakiness. Long-term use of low concentration AHA's can also increase collagen and elastin synthesis, and also boost protein regeneration in the skin.
Green Tea Extract is well known for its antioxidant properties, which prevents the degradation of cell membranes by neutralizing the spread of free radicals. Green tea has 20 times the antioxidant properties of Vitamin E, 6 times the antioxidant effectiveness of black tea. Green tea suppresses inflammation and reduces irritation.
Vitamin E is a natural skin protector, natural emollient, helps keep skin smooth and soft, improves skin moisture by offsetting dryness caused by aging and environmental factors. Acts as a free radical scavenger, hinders the oxidizing process in the skin and promotes soft and supple skin. As an antioxidant it defends the skin. Helpful in reducing scars and promotes healing. It acts as a natural preservative for products.