Packaged in a 2 oz. treatment pump bottle.
Palmitoyl tripeptide-1: A small peptide consisting of three amino acids with anti-wrinkle effects. Together with Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, it is a part of the popular anti-wrinkle complex called Matrixyl™ 3000. It is a signal peptide for collagen renewal. According to the manufacturer’s tests, it increases the synthesis of collagen and glycosaminoglycanes. The effects are comparable to those of retinoic acid but without the skin irritation side effects. Palmitoyl tripeptide-1 is a fatty acid-linked peptide that can help repair visible skin damage and strengthen skin’s underlying supportive elements. It’s categorized as a “messenger peptide” because of its ability to “tell” skin how to look better, specifically regarding reducing signs of sun damage like wrinkles and rough texture. Some research has shown that this peptide has similar anti-aging benefits to retinol. You can use both ingredients for even greater benefits.
Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7: May help to improve the appearance of the skin by supporting collagen production and improve general skin cell health. It is a peptide compound that combines several chains of amino acids. It is primarily used in anti-aging skincare formulations to help support healthy collagen production and cell function. Research into this peptide has been identified that it may stimulate the regeneration of collagen fibers in the dermis by acting as a cellular messenger. Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 is also thought to increase the amount of hyaluronic acid in the skin, which can help tighten skin by attracting moisture to the epidermis. Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 is one of many peptides that have recently been discovered that are used due to the positive effect on skin health. Peptides are chemicals that exist naturally, but many cosmetic companies are now creating them synthetically, in the lab, to achieve greater control over how they affect the skin. Most peptides are made of chains of amino acids, which are directly involved in the creation of proteins in the body.
Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5: Made up of chains of amino acids and can penetrate the epidermis and enter deep into the dermis, where may help to stimulate collagen production and healthy tissue growth. Palmitoyl tripeptide-5 is one of many peptides that have recently been discovered that are used due to the positive effect on skin health. Peptides are chemicals that exist naturally, but many cosmetic companies are now creating them synthetically, in the lab, to achieve greater control over how they affect the skin. Most peptides are made of chains of amino acids, which are directly involved in the creation of proteins in the body. Palmitoyl tripeptide-5 is a relatively new addition to the list of peptides that are used in skincare. Studies into its function suggest that the chains of amino acids communicate with the skin’s collagen production systems and boost its production, which is a significant factor in achieving smooth, wrinkle-free skin. It is also thought that palmitoyl tripeptide-5 may interact with hyaluronic acid and elastin production systems. The combined effect of these characteristics is increased water content, improved appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and a thickening of the skin. Additionally, studies have suggested that it helps support the healthy functioning of the cells, improving toxin removal.
“Niacinamide: is one of those ingredients found in many skin care products to brighten skin, prevent signs of aging and treat conditions like eczema or acne,” says dermatologist Alok Vij, MD. “Niacinamide may be the ‘it’ product of the moment, but it’s been around for years and has staying power given its positive impacts on many skin conditions.” Niacinamide is a type of vitamin B3, one of eight B vitamins that support many aspects of your health. Your body makes niacinamide when you have too much niacin in your body. Your body can also change an amino acid called tryptophan into niacinamide. Niacinamide is a multipurpose skin care ingredient. It helps build keratin, a protein that maintains skin health. It’s also been shown to make your skin stronger, smoother and brighter. “Niacinamide is used to treat acne and can help nourish and protect your skin, especially when it’s used with other products like retinol,” says Dr. Vij. “It’s a potent nutrient that rarely has side effects.”
Top six niacinamide benefits:
1. Boost hydration: Niacinamide may enhance the function of your skin’s lipid barrier (a layer of water and oil that protects your skin). This helps lock moisture in and keep pollutants or other potential irritants out, making your skin more hydrated and less sensitive.
2. Calm redness: Niacinamide has been shown to ease inflammation, which can help calm redness due to conditions like acne, rosacea and eczema. It can also soothe irritation caused by strong exfoliants like retinol or glycolic acid that remove dead cells from the surface of your skin.
3. May reduce the appearance of pores: Nothing has been proven to reduce the actual size of your pores. But niacinamide may help minimize their appearance by helping keep your skin smooth and clear. It also may help regulate the amount of oil your glands produce, which can prevent breakouts and clogged pores.
4. Possibly protect against skin cancer: Niacinamide is a close relative of another B vitamin called nicotinamide. Oral nicotinamide supplements may help prevent new skin cancer or precancerous spots from developing in some people. But more studies are needed to confirm this benefit. “You can even find niacinamide in some sunscreens these days,” notes Dr. Vij.
5. Treat dark spots: Niacinamide is dermatologist-approved for brightening skin tone. Some research suggests skin care formulas with 5% niacinamide can also help lighten dark spots. In one small study, a combination of skin brighteners including retinol and niacinamide reduced dark spots and fine lines. They also improved skin radiance and texture.
6. Reduce wrinkles and fine lines: This vitamin’s antioxidant properties may help protect your skin and aid its recovery from damage due to factors like aging, sun and stress. Some research has shown topical niacinamide can improve fine lines and wrinkles, as well as skin sallowness.
Glycolic acid: Sweeps away dull, dead cells, your complexion becomes smoother and more even toned. Over time, glycolic acid can lighten dark spots or light freckles that are forming on the tops of your cheeks from too much time in the sun. Some of the benefits of glycolic acid for skin are delays skin aging, blurs wrinkles and fine lines, heals acne and lightens acne marks, cleanses and tightens skin pores, reduces pigmentation and blemishes, rectifies uneven skin tone, revives dehydrated skin, repairs dry, damaged skin and may prevent sun damage.
"Astaxanthin: is a potent antioxidant known as a carotenoid, found in various foods," says Joshua Zeichner, MD, a dermatologist based in New York City and the director of Cosmetic and Clinical Research in Dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital. "It naturally has a bright red/orange color, and its high content in salmon is what gives it its color. Studies have shown that the antioxidant ability of astaxanthin is much more powerful than Vitamin C." Improves dryness, protects the skin against free radicals and sun damage.
Directions: Cleanse your skin, apply toner and allow toner to dry before applying serum. Apply a small amount of serum to entire face, neck and décolleté. Allow to dry. Can be used daily and can be used under make up. For best results follow the JES Organics complete skin care regime.